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What supports are funded under NDIS?

NDIS funding is available for 'reasonable and necessary supports' for people with disability to live a life as “ordinary” as possible.

Reasonable and necessary supports

The NDIS funds supports that are considered reasonable and necessary. This means they should:

  • Support people with disability to pursue their goals and maximise their independence
  • Support people with disability to live independently and to be included in the community as fully participating citizens
  • Develop and support the capacity of people with disability to undertake activities that enable them to participate in the mainstream community and in employment

Reasonable and necessary supports can be different for each person, but they must:

  • Be related to the participant's disability
  • Not include day-to-day living costs that are not related to a participant's disability support needs
  • Represent value for money
  • Be likely to be effective and beneficial to the participant
  • Take into account informal supports given to participants by families, carers, networks, and the community

Reasonable and necessary supports can mean different things to different people. Part of the planning process is thinking about the supports you want, like arts programs, and how they meet the criteria above. You might find the NDIS, art and you: how to make art part of your plan section of our website useful for this.

Funding categories: core, capacity building and capital

NDIS funding falls under three major categories: core, capacity building and capital.

Core supports covers four areas:

  • Daily activities: Having support with everyday tasks that enable you to live as independently as possible. For example: assistance in getting ready for your day, home cleaning, or assistance with tasks like shopping.
  • Social, community and civic participation: Getting involved with groups and activities that help you connect with other people and build your skills in areas you’re interested in. For example, this funding could cover camps, holidays, membership fees or an AAV art program!
  • Consumables: Support to purchase items you may use every day, such as continence aids and home enteral nutrition supplies.
  • Transport: Support getting to and from school, work, or social and community activities, such as a community-based art program. Funding for transport is generally limited to people who cannot use public transport for reasons related to their disability.

Capacity Building supports are the broadest, covering nine categories that should be aligned to your NDIS planning goals. The categories are:

  • Improved daily living skills: Building or developing skills to allow you to live as independently as possible
  • Improved life choice: Assistance with the financial management of your NDIS supports
  • Finding and keeping a job: Support to develop workplace skills through education or professional development, and to find and keep a job. For example, undertaking professional development through AAV’s Pathways Program
  • Increased social and community participation: Support to participate more in the community through social activities, such as arts programs
  • Improved health and well-being: Support to live a healthy life, including personal training, nutrition advice and any physical therapies which maintain or increase your mobility
  • Improved living arrangements: Creating a safe and comfortable home environment
  • Improved learning: Assistance to access and maintain employment or higher education
  • Improved relationships: Support to build your social connections, for example, working with AAV to find opportunities for you to make art with others
  • Coordination of supports: Assistance in managing your services

Capital supports fall into two categories:

  • Assistive technology: Items for mobility, communication, personal care or transport. These may include prosthetics, walking aids, wheelchairs, hoists or power beds. Capital support funding also covers assessments, set-up and training to use assistive technology
  • Home modifications: Changes to building structures, fixture or fittings which enable people with disability to live safely and as independently as possible. This support could include stair climbers, elevators or grab rails. The funding can also cover consultations and project management of any modifications

NDIS and Auslan

The NDIS provides support for participants with hearing loss or who are Deaf to access interpreting and translation services in activities of daily life. This can include the provision of Auslan interpreting for medical appointments and community participation, e.g. art classes.

The NDIA is working to ensure NDIS plans include appropriate allocations for interpreting and translation supports. The NDIA is developing a fact sheet and has commissioned work to translate key videos about the NDIS into Auslan. We’ll update this page with more information as it becomes available.